Banks working in India detailed fraud of Rs 4.92 trillion as on March 31, 2021, which addresses almost 4.5 percent of the total bank loan, showed Reserve Bank of India (RBI) information, which was looked for under the Right to Information (RTI) Act by Saurabh Pandhare. The information showed 90 banks and financial institutions revealed an aggregate of 45,613 instances of loan extortion till March 31, 2021.
State Bank of India – the country's biggest moneylender – announced the most noteworthy amount of advances as fraud - Rs 78,072 crore as on March 31, 2021. SBI is trailed by Punjab National Bank (Rs 39,733 crore), Bank of India (Rs 32,224 crore), and Union Bank of India (Rs 29,572 crore).
"Bank-wise information on deceptions of banks which got converged with different banks later, (for example, Andhra bank, Corporation Bank and so forth) is given as announced by each bank during the period during which the bank was functioning," RBI said in the RTI report. The best five banks represent 42.1 percent or Rs 2,06,941 crore of the all-out frauds grouped by the banks.
Among private area banks, ICICI Bank drove the sum associated with loan frauds (5.3 percent), trailed by Yes Bank (4.02 percent) and Axis Bank (2.54 percent). These three private area banks established 11.87 percent of the aggregate sum associated with loan fraud. Biggest private sector moneylender HDFC Bank's sum associated with the loan frauds was 0.55 percent of the aggregate.
RBI standards expect banks to make 100% provision for the whole sum that has been delegated as fraud. In 2019-20, the Indian banking sector saw a 159 percent hop in questionable transactions to Rs 1.86 trillion as indicated by RBI's yearly report. The information, which relates to frauds that are above Rs 1 lakh, shows the quantity of frauds developed by 28% to 8,707 in FY20 from 6,799 in the past financial year.
There was a fascination on high worth frauds with top 50 loan accounts contributing 76% of the frauds detailed in 2019-20. Between 2014-15 and 2019-20, banks announced frauds worth Rs 3.6 trillion, RBI information shows.
RBI information for FY20 and FY19 showed a mind-boggling number of frauds identified with loans. Advances related frauds were 90.2 percent in FY19 and 98.1 percent in FY20, separately. Frauds identified with off-balance sheet things, deposits and web structure a tiny extent of loan related frauds. This implies most frauds were succumbed by borrowers.
One reason for the sharp ascent in revealed number of frauds over the most recent couple of years is an administration mandate gave in February 2018, bankers said. The order, given by the finance ministry, commanded banks to examine all non-performing accounts of Rs 50 crore or more for conceivable fraud and report it to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
This is one of the primary reasons why revealing of frauds flooded since 2018-19. Banks become proactive in pronouncing frauds, however a cycle is followed, such as leading technical audits before a fraud is announced.
Information got by a similar RTI application showed that 2,261 records have been distinguished by the banks as wilful defaulters as on December 31, 2020, with the aggregate sum required at Rs 1.72 trillion. Consecutively, the measure of wilful default is up 4.5 percent when contrasted with end September, i.e. from Rs 1.64 trillion. A sum of 147 new wilful defaulters were distinguished by moneylenders during the October – December quarter. These loan lenders owed Rs 5,785.93 crore to the banks.